specific gravity of plastics chart

General Fax: 860-963-1998, Understanding Your Data Sheet: Density & Specific Gravity, So youve narrowed down what material you need thanks to our. Learn More, Density and Specific Gravity ASTM D792, ISO 1183, K-SHOW:Visit us at K2022: Supporting Polymers and Materials Development, NEW SERVICE:CircularAssure - Services to help you close the loop in the circular economy for plastics, ARTICLE:Processability and evaluation programmes for recycled plastic materials, ARTICLE:Adhesives Quality Assurance Testing Programs, ARTICLE:Enabling Polymer Non-Wovens Development, CASE STUDY:Polymer Surface Contamination Resolution, CASE STUDY:Polymer Failure - Distribution and Dispersion of Fillers, Ensuring the Safety and Performance of Electrical Products, Testlopedia - The Plastics Testing Encyclopedia, Plastics Circular Economy Solutions - CircularAssure, Physical and Mechanical Testing of Polymers, Thermal Analysis of Polymers and Plastics, Polymer Regulatory and Consulting Services, Polymer Product Processing Development Support, Microbeads and Microplastics Testing and Consultancy, Coatings and Thin Films Analysis and Testing, Supporting Polymers and Materials Development, Processability and evaluation programmes for recycled plastic materials, Adhesives Quality Assurance Testing Programs, Polymer Failure - Distribution and Dispersion of Fillers. Each one is different from the other and has different uses. Design & Manufacturability The specific gravity of a substance is a comparison of its density to that of water. ?qbC2]2F Whether your business is local or global, we can help to ensure that your products meet quality, health, environmental, safety, and social accountability standards for virtually any market around the world. Ultimate tensile strength is the maximum stress the thermoplastic material can withstand before failing, whichever occurs at the higher stress level. Plastic Material: Density & Specific Gravity PA66, 1.13 - 1.15 PA66 + 30% GF, 1.37 PA66 + 30% MF, 1.35 - 1.38 PA66 IM, 1.05 - 1.10. 0000133447 00000 n Specific gravity and density are especially relevant because plastic is sold on a cost per pound basis and a lower density or specific gravity means more material per pound or varied part weight. There are two basic test procedures- Method A and Method B. The more common being Method A, can be used with sheet, rod, tube and molded articles. Science based targets for a Global Plastics Treaty, Plastics For Change is now an Ocean Bound Plastic certified collector, efforts made by the plastic industry to increase its reusability, market is forecasted to grow even more in the following years, For Brands - Click Here to Source with Purpose. We carry a large selection of American-made Tamco industrial strength tanks. Polycarbonates are commonly used for eye protection in the creation of lenses for sunglasses, sport and safety goggles. 0000011164 00000 n View Cart. Strength of Materials The tests for density and SG are particularly significant in the custom sheet industry because plastic sheet is sold on a cost per pound basis. On top of this, plastics number 7 is almost never recycled. PA-11 1.04

Expanded PVC sheet plastic is the ideal material where durable construction materials are needed. 0000007137 00000 n Hardware, Metric, ISO ABS 1.04-1.07 Polypropylene is the second-most widely producedcommodity plastic and its market is forecasted to grow even more in the following years. The lower the density or SG of a particular material, the more material per pound or surface area you will get. 0000177508 00000 n Specific Gravity ,unv . can be special ordered. 0000176664 00000 n +74|=8/[ dcepJ@@ Q endstream endobj 8 0 obj<> endobj 10 0 obj<> endobj 11 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>> endobj 12 0 obj[278 750 474 750 750 750 750 238 750 750 750 750 278 750 278 278 556 556 556 556 556 750 750 750 556 750 750 750 750 750 750 611 750 722 750 722 722 667 611 778 722 278 750 750 750 750 722 778 667 750 722 667 611 750 667 944 750 667 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 556 611 556 750 556 333 611 750 278 750 750 278 750 611 611 611 750 389 556 333 611 556 750 556 556] endobj 13 0 obj<> endobj 14 0 obj<> endobj 15 0 obj<> endobj 16 0 obj<> endobj 17 0 obj<> endobj 18 0 obj[/ICCBased 39 0 R] endobj 19 0 obj[278 750 355 750 750 750 750 191 333 333 389 750 278 333 278 278 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 278 750 750 584 750 556 750 667 667 722 722 667 611 750 722 278 750 667 556 833 722 778 667 750 722 667 611 722 667 944 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 556 556 500 556 556 278 556 556 222 222 500 222 833 556 556 556 556 333 500 278 556 500 722 500 500] endobj 20 0 obj<> endobj 21 0 obj<> endobj 22 0 obj[278 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 333 333 750 750 750 750 278 278 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 722 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 750 556 750 500 556 556 278 556 556 222 750 750 222 833 556 556 556 750 333 500 278 556 500 750 750 500] endobj 23 0 obj[250 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 500 500 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 667 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 722 778 778 778 778 778 778 778 444 500 444 500 444 778 778 778 278 778 778 278 778 500 500 778 778 333 389 278 778 500] endobj 24 0 obj<> endobj 25 0 obj<> endobj 26 0 obj<>stream But they can also be found on mobile phones and, more frequently, in compact-discs (CD). WebSpecific Gravity - SG - Tensile Yield Strength - y-(10 3 psi) Tensile Modulus - E - (10 3 psi) Coefficient of Linear Expansion - - (10-6 in/in o F) Thermal Conductivity - k - (Btu in WebPURPOSE: The title filler having a low specific gravity and excellent affinity for plastics and retention of electric conductivity, prepared by applying a metallic coating to the surface of an isotactic polyolefin powder or particle etched in the presence of a specified chemical agent. The information is provided by 0000006910 00000 n Ethylene-propylene 0.86 For example, polypropylene has a density of approximately 0.90, whereas PET has a density of approximately 1.40. Therefore, the specific gravity (which is dimensionless) for a liquid has the same numerical value as its density in units of g/cm3. The tests for density and SG are particularly significant in the custom sheet industry because plastic sheet is sold on a cost per pound basis. Polychloroprene rubber 1.23 0000015048 00000 n The solid wood density may be determined using the green volume, Sg = Specific Gravity of the substance We carry carry hose barb fittings in a variety of materials suitable for all sorts of applications. Polycarbonate 1.2 Density refers to the mass per unit volume of a material, whereas SG refers to a measure of the ratio of mass of a given volume of material at 23C to the same volume of deionized water. Join our movement of Global Change Agents to receive exclusive invitations and updates. 0000171239 00000 n 0000154762 00000 n These specialty materials have densities of up to 15 g/cc yet still have the moldability of plastics. 0000146514 00000 n The member-related functions have been closed due to the deactivation of cookies. SPECIFIC GRAVITY- The ratio of the weight of the molded piece as compared to the weight of an equal volume of water ASTM D792. At Plastics For Change, we are giving second life to discarded plastic numbers 1,2,4, and 5 and re-use them for the creation of various different products while cleaning our oceans! Technical name - High-Density Polyethylene its an incredible resistant resin used for grocery bags, milk jugs, recycling bins, agricultural pipe, but also playground equipment, lids, and shampoo bottles among others. 0000160831 00000 n Easy for Beginner: Plastic Material Identification by Buoyancy Test, How to Identify Plastic Materials by Burn Test Accurately, No.98, Ln. 0000155825 00000 n 0000140352 00000 n 0000126937 00000 n Google use cookies for serving our ads and handling visitor statistics. Specific gravity and density are especially relevant because plastic is sold on a cost per pound basis and a lower density or specific Polyethylene 0000169321 00000 n 0000148052 00000 n Web1 28768 DENSITY OF PLASTICS What is Density of plastic: The density of a substances is generally known as mass per unit volume. Videos Design Manufacture Physics 0000165724 00000 n 0000042285 00000 n used for pressurized water systems - sprinkler.. highly resistant to acids, bases and many solvents, resistant to a variety of acids and bases, may be damaged by some solvents and chlorinated hydrocarbons, usable for water, gas and drainage systems, similar to PVC - but designed for water up to, resistant to abrasion, acids, bases, solvents and much more. The information contained in this article is for general information purposes only. Electric Motor Alternators Should reactivate cookies? It has a durometer of 50 D, a tensile strength of 1600 PSI, a brittleness temperature of -76F, a specific gravity of .921, and an elongation at break. Continue reading to learn more! WebSimply enter the density of the material in which your are interested, select the shape from the drop-down list, enter the dimensions, then hit the Calculate button. Engineering Forum Vibration Engineering Beam Deflections and Stress ph20 = density of water, standarized at temperature 4C (kg/m3), (Samples may vary, and these figures are approximate. 0000019679 00000 n 0000128624 00000 n resistant to a variety of bases and acids, some solvents and chlorinated hydrocarbons may damage the material, common as DEV - Drainage, Waste and Vent - pipes, only compression and banded type joints used. PVC 1.37-1.39 Specific gravity of a material can be calculated by following equation: The testing method of SG for plastic systems is ASTM D792 and ISO 1183. SG of plastic is less compared to other materials influence its price; thus all plastic materials are sold on cost per weight basis. The specimen is weighed first in air (Weight A), and then weighed when immersed in distilled water at 23C (Weight B). Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! 0000129490 00000 n Web most plastic baby bottles 5-gallon water bottles sport water bottles metal food can liners clear plastic sippy cups some clear plastic cutlery Mixed resin plastics like #7 are difficult, if not impossible, to recycle. Over 12,000 ASTM standards operate globally, including tests specific to plastics, to help consumers have confidence that the products they purchase will perform as expected. Though some manufacturers use grams per cubic centimeter to indicate the weight of their products, others merely provide the specific gravity of their material. Other custom sizes of trays, special partitions, flanges, outlets, etc. Plastic Corp. carries an excellent selection of spray bottles perfect for cleaning. Blood normally has a specific gravity of ~1.060. 0000124655 00000 n Hard and sturdy, it can withstand high temperatures and is found in tupperwares, car parts, thermal vests, yogurt containers, and even disposable diapers. Plastics Synthetics 0000016671 00000 n Learn More, Evaluating how your products and services meet and exceed quality, safety, sustainability and performance standards. There are two basic test procedures to determine the density of a material method A, used for testing solid plastics in water, and method B, used for testing solid plastics in a liquid other than water. This may also be referred to as relative density. How about an incentive to share this post? This information can be used to tell whether plastic Thanks to its versatile properties, such as lightness, durability, and easiness of processability, PVC is now replacing traditional building materials like wood, metal, concrete, rubber, ceramics, etc. Thermodynamics Directory | Heat Transfer Directory, Specific Gravity Table Chart and Equation. Water's weight is one gram per cubic centimeter - a material with, for example, 1.5 specific density would then weigh 1.5 grams per cubic centimeter. Specific GravityDensity and specific gravity sound quite similar, some even say that they are synonyms; however, they are actually not the same, below we are going to introduce the differences of them.What's the meaning of "Density"?Density ismass or weight of a substance per unit volumeundernormal temperature and pressure. respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. WebThough some manufacturers use grams per cubic centimeter to indicate the weight of their products, others merely provide the specific gravity of their material. United States Plastic Corp. and while we endeavor to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or In its rigid form, PVC is largely used in the building and construction industry to produce door and window profiles and pipes (drinking and wastewater). Do you have a packaging idea and need some guidance on which material is best? 0000014066 00000 n The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an organization that defines and sets standards to ensure good quality and workmanship. PA-6 1.12-1.13 Example: A gallon of oil weighs 9.5 lbs per gallon9.5 lbs / 8 = 1.187 specific gravity. 1 cm3 water weighs 1 g (as mentioned, density of water is 1g/cm3), and 1cm3 aluminum weighs 2.7 g (the density is 2.7 g/cm3), thus specific gravity of aluminum is 2.7 1 = 2.7 (which has the same value with density), **Tip: To look it up efficiently, mobile phone viewer, please use site searching, computer viewer, please use "Ctrl + F"**, Remarks: Glass Fiber (GF), Carbon Fiber (CF), Mineral Fiber (MF), Impact Modified (IM), Low Friction (LF), Talc Filled (TF), Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE), Crosslinked Polyethylene (XLPE), Density of Chemical Additives forInjection Molding. 0000002716 00000 n 0000005504 00000 n Some elements may not work properly. 0000015222 00000 n 0000125957 00000 n 0000004599 00000 n 0000135948 00000 n Urine normally has a specific gravity between 1.003 and 1.035. Specially designed for marine applications, antiskid HDPE sheeting offers superior durability with the additional benefit of a non-skid surface perfect for high-traffic marine surfaces. To figure the specific gravity of a substance take the number of pounds per gallon the substance weighs and divide it by 8. Spring Design Apps The most widely used member of the vinyl family, PVC is excellent when used for corrosion-resistant tanks, ducts, fume hoods and pipe. Specific Gravity means specific value of an object under normal temperature and pressure. PA-66 1.13-1.15 Second, polystyrene foam blows in the wind and floats on water, due to its low specific gravity. Fluids Flow Engineering 0000002953 00000 n 0000127802 00000 n Natural rubber 0.91 Pressure Vessel In recent years, the use of these resins has been controversial: the basis of this controversy is their leaching that, occurring at high temperature, releasesbisphenol A, a compound that is on the list of potential environmental hazardous chemicals. Mass Versus 0000003888 00000 n Fluid. Contrary to HDPE, LDPE is characterized by low-density molecules, giving this resin a thinner and more flexible design. Plastics that belong to group number one are made out ofpolyethylene terephthalate or PET. Therefore, for the same 1cm volume, the melted plastic weighs less than the solid plastic (0.933 g/cm vs. 1.054 g/cm). Engineering Book Store 2023, by Engineers Edge, LLC www.engineersedge.com or in connection with, the use of this information. Styrene-butadiene 0.93 The purpose was to provide a consistent national system to facilitate recycling of post-consumer plastics." 0000014816 00000 n Portions throughout the same sample may also differ in density due to differences in crystallinity, thermal history, porosity, or changes to the material composition, such as the addition of a filler or pigment. Density of Plastics: Technical Properties. Density measures the mass per unit volume. It is calculated by dividing the mass of the material by the volume and is normally expressed in g/cm 3. The density of a plastic sample may change due to change in crystallinity, loss of plasticizers, absorption of solvent, etc. Some of our calculators and applications let you save application data to your local computer. Butyl rubber 0.92 0000145640 00000 n Polymethylpentene 0.83 0000005127 00000 n Polypropylene 0.90-0.92 0000149962 00000 n Electronics Instrumentation This website uses cookies to collect necessary user browsing behaviors so that we can provide you with a better browsing experience. Web800.789.1718. Sponsored Links dixonvalve.com. Hydraulics Pneumatics 0000006688 00000 n WebSpecific gravity is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of the same volume of water. Polybutylene 0.60 Hardware, Imperial, Inch Please read Google Privacy & Terms for more information about how you can control adserving and the information collected. 0000158889 00000 n For example, some types of plastic are reusable and others arent because of the chemicals they contain; some can be recycled and others need to be disposed of in a different way. ps = density of the fluid or substance (kg/m3) 0000004927 00000 n Learn More, Formally confirming that your products and services meet all trusted external and internal standards. This broad range of flexible Tygon tubing products are engineered to meet many user specifications including chemical resistance, fluctuations in temperature, abrasion, high purity and long servicelife. Yield point is the first point where the specimen yields, where the specimen's cross-sectional area begins to contract significantly, or where the strain can increase without increase in the stress. Impact Consumer Products Group All Rights Reserved 2023, 5 Highland Drive Typical properties of some common thermoplastics: For full table with Thermal Conductivity, Specific Heat and Maximum Temperature Limit - rotate the screen! | Contact, Home 0000009713 00000 n Cleaning & Industrial U.S. ), Copyright 2000 - 3t6/8lM2-lA But if youre new to the industry, or dont work in a technical role, the information stated on material data sheets can leave you more confused than when you started. More frequently, however, anything over 1.53 is called high-index. ?b0/7>41"FUm'V69mjqQn[pd@,XrKC^k $e-eI]abs6QCoq$Y+4Gb=.bsm?JBny!Q.h38'!xSi{C ,*+R9hHz Plastic (CR-39) and Crown Glass are considered base index with indices of 1.498 and 1.52 respectively. S g = p s /p h20 S g = Specific Gravity of the Only emails and answers are saved in our archive. Animals do not recognize it as artificial and may mistake it for food causing serious effects on the health of birds or marine animals that might swallow it. **Ji-Horng Plastic is a leading plastic injection molding manufacturer since 1986, for more information, please contact us!**. Specific gravity, Polyacronitrile 1.17 0000008409 00000 n (You will help other colleagues find this blog). Acrylic sheeting, commonly referred to as plexiglass sheeting, is the most common alternative to traditional glass. In 1988, the Society of the Plastics Industry introduced the Resin Identification Code (RIC) system which divided plastic resins into 7 different categories.

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