slavery by another name documentary transcript

The Century of Warfare, acquired from the BBC. Based on the Pulitzer-Prize-winning book by Douglas Blackmon, Slavery By Another Name tells the stories of men, charged with crimes like vagrancy, and often guilty of nothing, who were bought and sold, abused, and subject to sometimes deadly working conditions as unpaid convict labor. IvyPanda. Louisiana to Texas - convicts cleared forests for railroads By creating an account, you acknowledge that PBS may share your information with our member stations and our respective service providers, and that you have read and understand the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Ex. GcJm!B{+wnj{\{ Nnpfq~j=AHNZ$Xjnqot)rn>m%bi"z'-HPbMCA tat'qtbM3m)^f`*^%6+n. Slavery by Another Name explores new forms of de facto slavery after the Civil War. During the. . The country had been fighting over the role of African-Americans for almost a generation at that point. tG$ ?`ix_})~u~a-jD!~1mhL\aJ.\7gC IK!*L#q$%No]+%onMM`l4myD2Xz6Q-KzF7$YHv},inIJWY kbN5&w Y H ^s%l%0A]a{*2!dX0azf WASHINGTON -- When you say slavery, most Americans think about what ended with The Civil War. Much of the South was built on forced Black labor after slavery was declared. 1. endobj Slavery by Another Name Quotes Showing 1-30 of 31. The Black Nationalism movement was a cohesive response to systematic oppression, and negative responses to Black Nationalism and Black Power prove that whites had no idea of the extent to which they had created a chasm in America. Historians and actors describe it in this excerpt. *Not Affiliated, Sponsored or Endorsed by any University. podcast transcripts and podcast transcription services. Go behind the scenes for the making of SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME. 5. A documentary that recounts the many ways in which American slavery persisted as a practice many decades after its supposed abolition. Now, a history of forced labor after the Civil War. 3 star. New York, Doubleday, 2008. Writing in 1904, Chestnutt points out the problem with the slow eradication of slavery: "nothing is slower than social movements. Photo: Michael A. Schwartz Photography. He couldn't prove that he had a job in 1908. Self-empowerment was a long, hard-fought battle attained by very few, most of whom had abandoned the hard memories of plantation life for a new start up north. But first, we need you to sign in to PBS using one of the services below. A 'liberated' individual possesses all the freedom to enjoy basic human rights of citizenship, profession choice and lifestyle. hY]o+|L]~;n uDMq ? Complicit in the conspiracy would be local businessmen pretending to help, by offering to cover the fine by loaning the African-American citizen money. We would leave the cells around 3:00 a.m. and return at 8:00 p.m., going the distance of three miles through rain or snow. Lastly, it remains evident Slavery by Another Name has a vehement association with the course, as it covers the most important aspects related to the history of the United States of America and African-American studies. Well, you make an interesting point in the book and in the documentary that, economically, it made more sense to protect slaves than it did to protect the lives of people who were convict laborers or people who were under peonage, it was called? What are the two loopholes in the 13th Amendment? Please check the corresponding audio before quoting in print. <> An examination of peonage in particular demonstrates the deep racial, cultural, and geographic divide that characterizes the United States of America. But, instead, five months later, he died under horrible conditions in a coal mine outside of Birmingham owned by U.S. Steel Corporation. Not just a black history story, but an American history story. So, help us understand how this could happen. yIA% u|\Xm\klEg:yyR$D"9X$BV%eE(x~p acDm|1N:HlMH6GGX]~{(21Da(cz!}0 Ay1\gG\LfpHvpUOyqql6l^oz+>~c^gj]JqB2EDSWi#)w African's Black Star: The Legacy of Kwame Nkrumah. The Zinn Education Project produced a national report on the teaching of the Reconstruction era. 6-9. And, in fact, when there was outrage or concern about this system back in the early 20th century, it was typically when a white person there's a story in the film of a young man Martin Tabert, who was a traveler from the Pacific Northwest, who ends up sucked into a forced labor camp in Florida and eventually whipped to death under horrifying conditions. Based on the information provided above, the core clues, which define the selected audience, are related to Slavery by Another Names narrative and its ability to explain the situation profoundly with the examples from history while using understandable language. How did privateers sustain involuntary servitude? The report examines state standards, course requirements, frameworks, and support for teachers in each state. Chain gangs emerged in the south to build roads. judges and encouraging the prosecution of peonage. Their debts were passed on to their This is how our country got in the habit of finding it normal to see such a huge population of African-American men in particular incarcerated all the time. from the book jacket. . professional specifically for you? Biography. Ben Affleck's hometown paper labels him a 'white liberal' who hides 'truths about racism' for getting PBS series 'Finding Your Roots' to CENSOR the fact he was descended from slave owners: Actor . This documentary tells a harrowing story of how in the South, even as chattel slavery came to an end, new forms of involuntary . What was the significance of Plessy v. Ferguson? It injured the whole country, because we deprived ourselves of the talent, and energy, and ambition, and abilities of this huge population of people that was getting bigger and bigger all the time. DVD. CHARLES MILLS: As a young boy to see my father in the parade was one of the greatest things in the world. African-Americans had few role models or community leaders to help them organize in order to overcome. . This was not a matter of the South acting in a rogue way; this represented the absolute complicity of the federal government in allowing the system of peonage to continue. With relief, we think: That was then. 4 SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME The camp had supplied tens of thousands of men over five decades to a suc cession of prison mines ultimately purchased by U.S. Steel in 1907. And this is why people like Milner wanted prisoners in his coal mines. 1. Arlington: PBS. Whether a company or an individual, we are marred either by our connections to the specific crimes and injuries of our fathers and their fathers. Citation - Slavery by another name - UW-Madison Libraries Citation Data MLA produced and directed by Sam Pollard ; written by Sheila Curran Bernard ; a production of TPT National Productions in association with Two Dollars & A Dream, Inc. Slavery by Another Name. 2023. By continuing, you are agreeing to receive cookies. While states profited, prisoners earned no pay and faced inhumane, dangerous, and often deadly work conditions. Peonage System in 1901. Because they were put through the criminal justice system, African-Americans were collectively viewed as being dangerous criminals. African-Americans haven't had that long opportunity to recover from all the terrible damage of slavery. Aguirre, the Wrath of God. The American penal system seems to be set up in the same way it was during the time of peonage. In this case, Davies, who is one of the characters, is an owner of the plantation and is involved in the sales and trade network (Slavery by Another Name). Slavery by Another Name is the film, which addresses the negative attitudes towards the black men and women while using them as slaves for an extended period in history by displaying the unknown and unpleasant parts of the actions of the American government and business segments ( Slavery by Another Name ). % 336 pages. <>>> Behind Steve is part of The Agenda logo, a lowercase a. We can remove the first video in the list to add this one. After emancipation, industrialists replaced slaves with convicts, acquiring thousands from state and county governments. Thousands of Black people were forced into what authors have . It was as if the only way to extricate slavery from the system was all-out revolution. This immense system of forced, unpaid labor was a shocking reality that has often gone unacknowledged. Consequently, the movie tends to depict the complexity of slavery in the United States of America by portraying the involvement of governmental, business, and social segments in the trade while clarifying the biased opinions delivered by media. What are some of the other forms of slavery by another name? Slavery did a super job of divesting African-Americans from family and community ties, as mothers and children were ripped apart, as were husbands and wives. In Voice of the Negro, 1 (Sept. 1904): 394-97 To be very concise, slavery is the opposite of freedom. Thus, peonage had a long list of lingering effects, most of which are evident still in the 21st century. L.`> o yw g`qzRD- Y\ |sd`q@?26 )7Lb zKI As it was mentioned earlier, Slavery by Another Name is displayed in the form of the documentary while focusing on the critical points of the history related to the continuation of slavery (Slavery by Another Name). Slavery by Another Name. And in the first years after the Civil War, African-Americans, the formerly enslaved African- Americans, did experience a period of authentic freedom and citizenship. In the end, it could be said that the examples and stories presented in the film affect the understanding of the importance of the topic related to slavery positively while depicting the involvement of the government in the illegal slave trade while changing the perception of the issue, and this matter is the primary rationale for the selection of the movie in the context of the course. Slavery by Another Name raises some difficult, important, and often embarrassing questions about the failure of the United States to live up to its promise of "liberty and justice for all," even when that promise had been enshrined in Constitutional Law. The documentary "Slavery by Another Name," financed in part by the National Endowment of the Humanities, estimates that 800,000 faced the corrupt justice system with "huge numbers of those . Slavery By Another Name reveals a dirty secret that has long been known in the historical community. Peonage, or the new slavery. 6. Federal Court sanctioned segregation. CG# y|(Mk[5)@'frLJipb)YL#e8ahqKEl_VCLSj6,3p75^-_K8dS*=!Iq}! r>I`z +S$8rtrOO.V=rz[ student. Kellogg Foundation, The Coca-Cola Company and CPB/PBS Diversity & Innovation Fund. Or we are tainted by the failures of our . The emancipation of slaves did not lead to the dismantling of the underlying structures of slavery. Sharecropping was a form of free labor that exploited blacks, whites, and immigrants - but made blacks more vulnerable. Subscribe to Here's the Deal, our politics newsletter. AMST 0259 Re-Presenting Slavery 3) One advanced, relevant 0400 level course or an independent 0500-level project. Douglas A. Blackmon shares how the project Slavery by Another Name evolved. 1. And the film makes. As Wagner (2012) points out, "Soon, markets for convict laborers developed, with entrepreneurs buying and selling convict labor leases. It was primarily imposed on African American men in the South and lasted until World War II. The basis for the modern Caribbean dates back to the slave trade and slavery. "Becker," (n.d.). Search metadata Search text contents Search TV news captions Search radio transcripts Search archived web sites Advanced Search. 4. He was born in freedom. 3. belief that Emancipation was a mistake - lost cause And there are long-term consequences for this these practices, which link which over the years have linked criminality and race. He helped give rise to southern political affairs, birth of a nation, They had a certain amount of economic freedom. dG"ineCW/xy]QYzZ"BeJt oG"9R&lf_q"u;q?#^E0j[O~Mm9TeO What was the southern response to radical reconstruction? Prod. Interviews with the descendants of victims and perpetrators resonate with a modern audience. However, one important vestige of peony was that the system inherently prevented African-Americans from organizing and creating a cohesive community. PBS. The privatization of the American prison system is one of the most obvious vestiges of convict leasing as being part of peonage. Citation formats are based on standards as of July 2022. (2012). What peonage did was to appease the South, in its time of greatest humility. Major funding for SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME provided by National Endowment for the Humanities, W.K. It's a story of terrible things done by Americans to other Americans. "When white Americans frankly peel back the layers of our commingled pasts, we are all marked by it. Gwen Ifill. Since 1940, even with all the problems that persist, since that time since 1970, even with all the problems that persist, African-Americans have achieved on a level economically and educationally, I think, that's unrivaled by any group of people in human history. stream Association of blacks with criminality Thank you. Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS: You've just tried to add this video to My List. "Slavery by Another Name" Documentary. Convict leasing in the days of peonage was a way Southern states and counties officially leased their convicts "to save money on prison construction and later to actually generate revenue," (Wagner, 2012, p. 2). And that's all the difference in the world. In many cases, they were sent to the South coal mines, including some owned by businessman and former slave owner John Milner. Just as the Native Americans had been lied to and schemed into moving to Oklahoma, the African-Americans were promised liberty and given none. The peonage system represents one of the great failures of Reconstruction. Other appropriate courses offered during the fall and spring semesters, or during the winter term, may be substituted for at the discretion of the program director. (bKis]E[0Frf8s8uV:DF6xtV&F1h^1KjaZ6\X%X&iQ::=~Rhn~XozZArBoPz^~][V+C8h\n/0/s,RdqT'ezQ4kyw|\f*]>o9jn!N,&;r~l!YjTa]:VXfg]5eos[#]PTQl~Y^]*d[6z~3*''7!?7WSi{5mE`]\]Yu,Fhs(lkN`hCqZ8x]mzI?a'" l?iVNE8*"Jb\,`,P"hEI(5sVH@ .YE!_'8 |p2r@8*,#`~2e>@YkL0 endobj Its most formidable social, economic, and political institutions persisted in spite of federal legislation following the end of the Civil War. After the Civil War, slavery persisted in the form of convict leasing, a system in which Southern states leased prisoners to private railways, mines, and large plantations. The American penal system seems to be set up in the same way it was during the time of peonage. It allows slavery under imprisonment endobj Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery By Another Name: The Re-enslavement of Black Americans From the Civil War to World War II. Yet in spite of the great strides, vestiges of peonage remain in concrete and highly visible ways. U0698940. So for various political and. The label creates a personal identity, and a sense of belonging to a deviant subculture. Peonage is also referred to as debt-slavery, or debt servitude. Slavery by another name: the re-enslavement of Black people in America from the Civil War to World War II / Douglas A. Blackmon. About Slavery by Another Name. African-Americans understandably did not trust whites. wf^u*`9qh9O5}wDQfZf,QYo^' L6 zQb*SY7%FBa`fo8e>GX+Q6 [^u We still have convict leasing by another name. Based on the information and the description of the plot presented above, it could be assumed that the core purpose of the film is to expand knowledge and reveal the unknown details related to this dark period in the history of the African-Americans, as the movie has a tendency to portray the harmful nature of the forced labor. Sam Pollard. To assure the existence of the social and historical support, the movie is presented in the form of the documentary and can be viewed by an extended audience to spread awareness about the drawbacks of slavery, intolerance, and racism among the representatives of different generations. We can remove the first show in the list to add this one. Under this system, whites would fabricate crimes (or exaggerate actual ones for a white-dominated court system), accusing newly freed African-Americans. Required fields are marked *. 1 0 obj Nonetheless, he opposes and has a negative attitude towards the forced labor, and his actions help to reveal the participation of John Pace in the debt slavery (Slavery by Another Name). No, this is a huge drag on all of American life. (2012). [Description from PBS.]. endstream endobj 158 0 obj <>/Metadata 68 0 R/Outlines 95 0 R/Pages 151 0 R/StructTreeRoot 106 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 159 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 160 0 obj <>stream It was just named to the shortlist for an Oscar in the documentary category. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME challenges one of America's most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. African-Americans understandably did not trust whites. Copy each sentence. About Slavery By Another Name. Slavery is one of the most controversial and critical parts of the history of the United States of America, which is often reflected in the films, books, and series. The chasm between in-group dominant culture and out-group deviant subculture grew larger and larger throughout the 20th century. Find a "Changing America" exhibit in your community. Slavery By Another Name (2012), a new documentary based on Douglas Blackmon's Pulitzer Prize-winning nonfiction book about insidious forms of forced labor that emerged in the American South following the Civil War, will be screened on Friday, February 3, 2012 at 7:00 p.m. in the Recital Hall, Performing Arts Center, on the University at Albany's P7tcj=.'XxB'1-*2}pCGF}n|"Vc*B"?0TMi!d^J8VX\*_V[,!#o$hIG^eQ|I#xP]z"d'.[ {9z@n80-ZaK9RmX=MX?P/cHFx+u5h: 'XrQfxo.j Z.P\8 Privacy Policy, Download this Research Paper in word format (.docx),,,0,7916225.story,, Slavery and Caste Systems When Repressive Policies, Slavery in the Caribbean Effects on Culture Race and Labor, Slavery, and Its Negative and Positive Effects, Slavery by Another Name Research Paper. They were largely still impoverished, but authentic freedom, separating themselves from the white families that had controlled their lives. Victory at Sea, an Emmy and Peabody award-winning documentary produced in 1952. Meanwhile, the film tends to depict that slavery continued to exist after the Civil War and its expected abolishment related to the Emancipation Proclamation (Slavery by Another Name). The label creates a personal identity, and a sense of belonging to a deviant subculture. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> And the consequences of even the most trivial of offenses were enormous. Tell us his story. When Repressive Policies Linger However, this does not mean that the consequences of these systems of violence against people have vanished. SLAVERY BY ANOTHER NAME is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. Emancipation should have been our first concern but fortunately it was not even one of the main concerns let alone the first one. Apart from mistreatment and displacing native Americans, they enslaved millions of Africans, which is one of the worst mistake which has ever happens in the history of, Slavery in the Caribbean: Effects on Culture, Race and Labour In order to pay off the loan, the person was forced into a contract "to work for him without pay until the debt was paid off," (Wagner, 2012, p. 3). "Slavery by Another Name"debuted in 2012 and runs for 90 minutes. A former reporter for The Wall Street Journal, he's now the chair of the Miller Center Forum at the University of Virginia. On Wednesday's Mark Levin Show, it's a federal crime to harass and threaten Supreme Court justices and judges, yet AG Merrick Garland has yet to prosecute anyone because they are harassing conservatives. "Slavery by Another Name," based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning book of the same name, tells the story of the thousands of African-Americans who were arrested on trumped-up charges and forced to work as convict labor. A lot of the things that kept people in control under slavery are amplified under this convict system. Origins of slavery FSU Criminology. August 29, 2020. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Inner city ghettos remind us of the legacy of slavery by another name. Nonetheless, slavery was not the core issue, but the lack of recognition of the rights of the African-Americans led to the increased arrests of this social segment without any associations with crime (Slavery by Another Name). He was immediately sold to a coal mine on the outskirts of Birmingham to a company that was then going to pay his fines off one month at a time. 1930s, when a white man was severely whipped. And that led to a scandal. IvyPanda, 29 Aug. 2020, He has written extensively on . The privatization of the American prison system is one of the most obvious vestiges of convict leasing as being part of peonage. You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. The Commander spoke seriously. 3. This documentary tells a harrowing story of how in the South, even as chattel slavery came to an end, new forms of involuntary servitude, including convict leasing, debt slavery and peonage,. Georgia - clay for bricks Given the problems associated with peonage, Black Codes, convict leasing, and other, References IvyPanda. A new PBS documentary called Slavery by Another Name tells the story of the adapted forced labor practices that helped extend slavery long after the end of the Civil War. A production of TPT National Productions in association with Two Dollars & A Dream, Inc. Co-Executive Producer Douglas A. Blackmon. According to the Concise Oxford English Dictionary, a slave is a 'person who is the legal property of another or others and is bound to absolute obedience' (Blackburn 262). Your email address will not be published. Slavery by Another Name is a ninety-minute documentary that challenges one of America's most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ended with the Emancipation Proclamation. As Ive traveled, discussing the book and meeting readers, a stream of African-Americans have related to me how the book made them reassess their own family histories, said Blackmon. Meanwhile, the film contributes to the discovery of the important details related to this segment. NARRATOR: On the morning of August 3, 1920, 46 year-old Jacob Mills shined his boots, polished his sword, and headed to Harlem to take part in one of the biggest parades in New York's history. About; Blog; Projects; Help; Donate. Slavery, and its negative (and positive) effects on society, is not nearly as pervasive in today's modern world as it has been in previous centuries. 157 0 obj <> endobj The NEH Created Equalproject uses the power of documentary films to encourage public conversations about the changing meanings of freedom and equality in America. DuBois and other early 20th century thinkers helped to provide a framework for change, but it would take generations to those changes to manifest. As Cutler (2012) points out by citing the producer of the PBS documentary Slavery by Another Name, "vestiges remain, the industrial prison complexeven when you go to the South today, you go down to Alabama and Mississippiit's apparent." James Herriots adventures as a veterinarian in 1930s Yorkshire get a new TV adaptation. A form of government may be radically changed and laws easily enacted without modifying for a long period thereafter the social customs, the habits of thought, the feelings, in other words the genius, of a people." Slavery by Another Name is a 90-minute documentary that challenges one of Americans' most cherished assumptions: the belief that slavery in this country ende. 4. Society in Reconstruction (n.d.). Slavery by Another Name history background. 29 August. Please check your inbox to confirm. "Slavery by Another Name" is a documentary about the brutality southern white men inflicted upon black people. Retrieved online: The book Slavery by Another Name by award-winning journalist Douglas Blackmon documents how African Americans in Alabama and throughout the South were re-enslaved in the years following the Civil War, due in part to laws specifically written to facilitate the arbitrary arrest of African Americans. Email:, Web design and development by new target, inc, Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus, but how many of us can name a, With the release of the Universal Pictures film, The Lorax, based on Dr. Seusss classic, While womens history should be taught all year, we can use this month to examine, What a timely and important film this is. Slavery by Another Name. Furthermore, the entire structure of a white-topped hierarchy with a black "deviant" subordinate culture created long-lasting resentments. c. DVD IvyPanda. Slavery by Another Name Film & Theme Questions for class discussion Resources Equality under the Law: Slavery by Another Name In 1865, the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment constitutionally outlawed slavery, and African American looked forward to what they would make of their new-found freedom. Slavery Southern industrial expansion The PBS documentary Slavery by Another Name examines the perpetuation of slavery under the guise of the peonage system. ,04+Xz:@>z~a7;zPgU~&aA[\|r_`8 oe!0x>/nX)~Ek]{J#/9mQ Your email address will not be published. When the dominant culture (of presumably law-abiding citizens) refuses to welcome the outsider or Other, the subculture strengthens and flourishes. 2 0 obj Documentary 2012. The PBS documentary Slavery by Another Name examines the perpetuation of slavery under the guise of the peonage system. The film. The topic of slavery has been highly discussed as a critical theme of the course, as it has a vehement impact on the recognition of the rights of the black men and women and difficulties associated with intolerance and racism in the modern world. Xtgf+@ *4hsRxJFB;t:gRJw;6 By Sam Pollard, Catherine Allan, Douglas Blackmon and Sheila Curran Bernard. Slavery by Another Name. An explosion at the Banner Mine in Alabama killed 128 men, almost all of them African American prisoners of the state who were forced to work in the mine under the convict leasing system. Copyright 2023 - IvyPanda is operated by, The Documentary The Lost World of Communism, "Africans in America": The Documentary Movie, African-Americans in the Documentary "Pride", Slavery and the Making of America Documentary, Mississippis War and Nat Turner Documentaries, Frozen Planet Documentary in Natural Sciences, The Documentary: "Wild Carpathia in Romania", American Agriculture in "Food Inc." Documentary, American Food Industry in "Food, Inc." Documentary. It remains evident that the studies tend to describe the issues from the historical perspective with the elements of social norms connected to a particular historical period, but the overall perception is biased by media. Slavery by Another Name is a moving, sobering account of a little-known crime against African Americans, and the insidious legacy of racism that reverberates today. )B SHBgc4qTpzz|,X5xm={|m/QR3=wdU}s{H.P[KpT8#X ;M=Tf7Gt.Cd3]r,\";f-myBUxI+B3=32 t'br/M} 1mSn(r_u9>x/llO>*KVx%(H/)hhTCs{ 3 And the mortality rates in them were often as high as 30 or 40 percent. Tell us the story of this one person you mentioned in the documentary, Green Cottenham. What are three important things that occur in 1908? The federal court upheld segregation, what came to be known as Separate but Equal. It is a documentary about the weighty topic of mass incarceration. ""Slavery by Another Name" Documentary." Nonetheless, it follows the historical flow of events while supporting the facts with the images from real life. endstream endobj startxref With Laurence Fishburne, Turron Kofi Alleyne, Michael Bacon, Douglas A. Blackmon. It is not just obvious in terms of 20/20 hindsight historical vision; the problem was immediately apparent to all who cared to see.

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