obesity in university students uk

Uni-versity students. Results from Years 14 (combined) of the Rolling Programme (2008/20092011/12); 2014. p. 5560. View all Google Scholar citations Despite that, previous validation studies indicate that the self-reported information, for example, those related to diet, is reported with sufficient accuracy for use in epidemiology analysis(Reference Vereecken, Covents and Sichert-Hellert88). Attendance at Ulster University (p<0.001) was independently associated with lower scores. There were differences in recruitment method between the University of Sheffield and Ulster University (recruitment email distributed directly to all students via a global mailing list), and the other three participating sites (e.g. Nikolaou CK, Hankey CR, Lean MEJ. 14. Yamauchi-Takihara, Keiko J Am Diet Assoc. It is of note that a vegetarian diet was the predominant pattern identified in the current study, and indeed 10% of students described themselves as vegetarian. With respect to other lifestyles such as PA, probably cultural practices and childhood habits can be associated with a higher PA level in men than women(Reference Trost, Pate and Sallis86). Moreover, well documented studies have identiied the need to . Such weight gain may have long-term repercussions, since overweight during young adulthood has been identified as a significant predictor of obesity later in life [11]. Obesity rates among children and adolescents worldwide shifted from less than 1% in 1975 to nearly 6% among girls and 8% . A total of 1683 students across the five universities responded to the survey. Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Religion was also not included due to confounding with ethnic background. 2023 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Despite this, there is limited progress in addressing the problem of obesity among college students. The main strength of this work compared with other studies(Reference Bayyari, Henry and Jones89) is that we used the %BF instead of BMI as a diagnostic criterion for overweight/obesity, in order to avoid both false positives and negatives. These universities had responded positively to an invitation to participate in the research study; contact was made via university Human Nutrition or Health Sciences departments. Lake AA, Adamson AJ, Craigie AM, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Mathers JC. Risk factors of overweight/obesity-related lifestyles Department of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, 01006Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114521001483, Reference Vadeboncoeur, Townsend and Charlie Foster, Reference Cutillas, Herrero and de San Eustaqui, Reference Balgoon, Al-Zahrani and Alkhattabi, Reference Coli Bari, Satali and Lukesi, Reference El Ansari, Stock and Mikolajczyk, Reference Hultgren, Turrisi and Cleveland, Reference El Ansari, Ssewanyana and Stock, Reference Lieberman, Marriott and Williams, Reference Bennasar-Veny, Yaez and Jordi Pericas, Reference Moreno-Gmez, Romaguera-Bosch and Tauler-Riera, Reference Telleria-Aramburu, Rocandio and Rebato, Reference Marfell-Jones, Olds and Stewart, Reference Bray, Bouchard, James, Bray, Bouchard and James, Reference Telleria-Aramburu, Alegria-Lertxundi and Arroyo-Izaga, Reference Romaguera, Gracia-Lavedan and Molinuevo, Reference Sotos-Prieto, Bhupathiraju and Falcon, Reference Carbajal, Snchez-Muniz, Garca-Arias and Garca- Fernndez, Reference Ortega, Lpez-Sobaler and Andrs, Reference Panagiotakos, Milias and Pitsavos, Reference Garca-Meseguer, Cervera and Vico, Reference Panagiotakos, Pitsavos and Stefanadis, Reference Healton, Vallone and McCausland, Reference Zaccagni, Barbieri and Gualdi-Russo, Reference Jaalouk, Matar Boumosleh and Helou, Reference Garca-Meseguer, Delicado-Soria and Serrano-Urrea, Reference Whatnall, Patterson and Brookman, Reference Vereecken, Covents and Sichert-Hellert, Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network, Lifestyle risk factors of students: a cluster analytical approach, Prevalence of overweight/obesity and its associated factors among university students from 22 countries, A meta-analysis of weight gain in first year university students: is freshman 15 a myth, Addressing nutritional issues in the college-aged client: strategies for the nurse practitioner, Prevalence of overweight and obesity, and dieting attitudes among Caucasian and African American college students in Eastern North Carolina: a cross-sectional survey, Prevalence of overweight/obesity and central obesity and its associated factors among a sample of university students in India, Prevalence of overweight and central obesity and their relationship with blood pressure among college students in Shandong, China, Estudio de hbitos alimentarios y estilos de vida de los universitarios espaoles (Study of Food Habits and Lifestyles of Spanish University Students). Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. The authors responsibilities were as follows: EFS, JMR & MEB conceived and designed the study. Qian, Yuxiu The snacking and convenience, red meat and alcohol patterns have common features with published data on the food preferences of British university students [2, 4]. Furthermore, use of an FFQ allowed dietary intake to be captured over a 3-month semester and facilitated recruitment of a large, geographically diverse sample, albeit a convenience one. No association, however, was identified between cooking ability and scores on the less healthful dietary patterns (snacking; convenience, red meat & alcohol). Design: Online questionnaire-based survey of undergraduate and. Correspondence to Appetite. Multi-comparison post-hoc tests with Sidak correction were carried out to aid interpretation of significant factors in the GLM. A review of drinking motives. Tanton J, Dodd LJ, Woodfield L, Mabhala M. Eating Behaviours of British University Students: A Cluster Analysis on a Neglected Issue. Universities in particular may represent a setting in which dietary behaviours are open to change and large groups of young adults can be reached, representing an appropriate target for health promotion efforts. This homogeneity suggests that this pattern is pervasive across all universities studied, substantiating popular beliefs that the diet of UK university students is one of poor quality. Our aim was to study which types of sedentary behaviours are associated with obesity in adults after controlling for a wide range of potential confounders. Alcohol attitudes, motives, norms, and personality traits longitudinally classify nondrinkers, moderate drinkers, and binge drinkers using discriminant function analysis. University of Sheffield ethical approval covered the research at Kings College London and Southampton. Participants were required to recall their habitual diet over the most recent university semester (three months). Siguen patrones de dieta mediterrnea los universitarios espaoles? PubMed Socio-demographic and lifestyle data were also collected. Compliance with lifestyle (different from diet) recommendations by sex in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study(Mean values and standard deviations, percentages), Table 4. A dietary patterns approach has been used widely in various UK population groups, but has not been employed to characterise the diets of university students. This data is gathered as part of the National Child Measurement Programme and published by NHS Digital. Greater meat and fast food consumption among male students has previously been reported, and vegetarianism is more prevalent amongst female students [3, 24]. 2007;10:5908. 2009;2:15765 Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20054220. Eating behaviours and other eating-related characteristics of the Phase 1 sample. The possibility of selection bias should be considered. Chen, Leqin HIgher Education Statistics Agency Ltd. Chen, Xiaomei This manuscript represents original work, which has not been published previously and is not being considered by another Journal. Genes are probably a lower contributor for you if you have most or all of the following characteristics: ALSO READ: Yikes! Students in Northern Ireland appeared to favour less healthful dietary patterns than those in Great Britain. 2022. Table S1. Prev Med (Baltim). Among the postbiotics . The first component explained 8.4% variance; the three remaining components explained 5.7%, 4.2% and 3.4% of the variance in food intake respectively. Adele, Ed Sheeran 'too . The prevalence of obesity is relatively high (36.8%) among UB students. Food/food groups with factor loadings >0.32 were used to interpret each dietary pattern. Brunner TA, van der Horst K, Siegrist M. Convenience food products. Physical activity can protect against weight gain, but globally, people just aren't doing enough of it. The authors gratefully acknowledge Professor Peter Emery at Kings College London and Dr. Penelope Nestel at The University of Southampton for their assistance in administration of the survey. The Obesity Profile (previously named NCMP and Child Obesity Profile) displays data from the National Child Measurement Programme ( NCMP) showing the prevalence of obesity, severe obesity,. University represents a key transition into adulthood for many adolescents but there are associated concerns about health and behaviours. Detopoulou, Paraskevi Participation Rates in Higher Education: Academic Years 2006/20072013/2014. Examination of scatter plots revealed no evidence of non-linear relationships between component scores and nutrient intakes. The authors also thank the collaboration of the participants and of the students pursuing bachelors and masters degree who collaborated by performing their internships in the context of this project and contributed to the data curation. This study has been conducted with University students in Turkey. London, February 28. Third, the study was based on a large survey that included a face-to-face interview and anthropometric measurements; thus, the considerable length of each assessment may have influenced answers and response rate. Maternal education was not included in the models, since data were not available for all students. It combines a person's weight in kilograms divided by the square of their. . hasContentIssue true, This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, The Author(s), 2021. CAS 6th ed. Public Health Nutr. Only health sciences students were recruited at the University of Southampton, because of logistical issues in distribution of the survey. Associations with sociodemographic variables were assessed through general linear modelling. The number of components retained was determined by the scree plot, parallel analysis and component interpretability [20]. Wang, Lina Age groups were prominent in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in males, but an exception in females. BMI is a tool that doctors use to assess whether or not a person has an appropriate weight for their age, sex, and height. The sample comprised 1064 (73.5%) women and 384 (26.5%) men. . 15. Obesity (defined as a BMI over 30) can occur in adults and children. Tzirogiannis, Konstantinos 2010. Indeed, the BMI distributions were also biased towards healthy, in keeping with other student surveys [4, 26]. Food intake varied amongst university students. One important aspect relates to diet and there is emerging evidence that university students may consume poor quality diets, with potential implications for body weight and long-term health. Shi, Yumeng The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request. It causes symptoms including shortness of breath, fatigue, and joint pain, among others. 2005;93:92331 Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16022763. Students practiced unhealthy dietary practices and lifestyle behaviors that should be targeted and modified. Senior Lecturer (Biological Sciences) and Head of NutRI research group at Munster Technological University in Cork, Ireland. et al. It had high negative factor loadings for poultry, processed meat, and red meat and offal. Obesity is a severe public health problem that has reached epidemic levels and is developing rapidly. Several studies suggest that prevention of obesity in the young population is crucial. The present study explores contextual factors affecting overweight and obesity among university students in China and, in particular, focuses on how the SES-obesity relationship varies across different . - UK-domiciled students by age 2006;106:20017. Northstone K, Emmett PM. Researchers from the University of Cambridge and Boston Children's Hospital have discovered a genetic cause of severe obesity which, although rare, raises new questions about weight gain and energy use. 1, 2 Overweight children are more likely to be overweight or obese as adults, compared with their normal-weight peers. Attitudes towards meat-eating in vegetarian and non-vegetarian teenage girls in England--an ethnographic approach. Female students favoured the vegetarian pattern, whilst male students preferred the convenience, red meat & alcohol pattern. Background Many studies have examined childhood and adolescent obesity, but few have examined young adults and the effect of their home and current living environments on prevalence rates. Using multivariate statistics. Dr Andrew Kane, lead author says: "The fact that the population requiring surgery with anaesthesia is 2.3 years older than nine years ago has important implications. A novel insight into predicting overweight/obesity in undergraduates, Comparison of eating behavior between commensality and solo-eating of university students by BMI, Lifestyle behaviors and related health risk factors in a sample of Australian university students, A high eating frequency is associated with an overall healthy lifestyle in middle-aged men and women and reduced likelihood of general and central obesity in men, Age and gender differences in objectively measured physical activity in youth, A systematic review of the relationship between weight status perceptions and weight loss attempts, strategies, behaviours and outcomes, Development and evaluation of a self-administered computerized 24-h dietary recall method for adolescents in Europe, Dieting Behaviours, Obesity and predictors of dieting among female college students at Palestinian universities, Compliance with dietary recommendations by sex in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study, Compliance with lifestyle (different from diet) recommendations by sex in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study, Compliance with dietary recommendations according to body fat (BF) classification in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study, Compliance with lifestyle recommendations according to body fat (BF) classification in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study, Factors related to diet and lifestyles associated with an increased risk of excess body fat (BF) in the population under study: students of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), EHU12/24 study, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/, http://ghdx.healthdata.org/record/ihme-data/gbd-2015-obesity-and-overweight-prevalence-1980-2015, www.nutrition.org.uk/healthyliving/healthyeating, http://www.institutferran.org/documentos/Scoring_short_ipaq_april04.pdf, https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2006.htm, http://www.pnsd.msc.es/Categoria2/publica/pdf/InformeAlcohol.pdf, http://www.ehu.es/zenbakitan/es/node/17.html, http://www.euskadi.eus/informacion-encuesta-salud-2018-tablas-de-resultados/web01-a3osag17/es/. Finlayson G, Cecil J, Higgs S, Hill A, Hetherington M. Susceptibility to weight gain. Bachelor's degree students recorded higher BMI than those at associate level. Rare compared to occasional or almost daily - consumption of take-aways/ready meals was associated with lower scores (p=0.042). University College London London, UK Tel: 02076795634 E-mail: . The convenience, red meat & alcohol pattern shares features (positive factor loadings for red meat, chips, alcohol) with a major dietary pattern (labelled drinker/social) reported among approximately 480 2025year olds in Northern Ireland, derived from 7-day diet history data [24]. Four principal components were retained, which explained 21.7% of the total variance in food intake. Full details are provided in tabular form in Additional file1: Table S2). Conversely students favouring more healthful dietary patterns reported greater engagement in other health-promoting lifestyle choices, including not smoking, greater participation in physical activity. Generally, students at Ulster University favoured less healthful patterns, whilst those at the Universities of Southampton, St Andrews and KCL tended towards more healthful diets. 2017). The findings, published in The Journal of Physiology . Objective: To describe lifestyle behaviors (fruit and vegetable intake, alcohol intake, physical activity, sitting time, smoking, drug use, sleep, sexual health) and health risk factors (body mass index, food insecurity, mental health) in a sample of Australian university students. Yang, Wah Pearsons product moment correlation coefficients were calculated between pattern scores and absolute nutrient intakes. Richmond R . A student survey conducted in Northern Ireland reported a positive gradient in diet quality by year of study [3]. Very much enjoy teaching as a guest lecturer and supporting students on placement. 2010;51:737 Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2010.04.005. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of obesity among university students Authors Baohong Xue 1 , Xu Zhang 1 , Tingting Li 1 , Yuanlong Gu 2 , Rui Wang 3 , Wangyang Chen 4 , Xiaohua Ren 4 , Xiaohong Liu 4 , Guanqing Chen 4 , Yi Lin 4 , Chenchen Pan 4 , Wenying Zhao 4 , Tinghui Li 4 , Lianping He 4 , Chunlei Han 5 Affiliations Specifically, female students favoured a vegetarian diet, whilst male students scored highly on the convenience, red meat & alcohol pattern. Pigott S, Bates B, Nass L. Socio-demographic characteristics of the NDNS RP sample - National Diet and Nutrition Survey. College-based obesity prevention educational interventions are multi-component efforts that provide education about nutrition, physical activity, and healthy weight management; such interventions are often paired with campus environment improvements. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Such engagement in dieting behaviour and dysfunctional relationships with food not only impact on dietary adequacy [14, 15], but may also create tension and conflict for young people as they develop relationships with new peer groups [16]. Among reception-aged children, those aged four and five, the rates of obesity rose from 9.9% in 2019-20 to 14.4% in 2020-21. Kuntsche E, Knibbe R, Gmel G, Engels R. Why do young people drink? Br J Nutr. Appetite. This study aimed to identify dietary patterns within a UK university student population and to delineate the socio-demographic, lifestyle and other behavioural characteristics of students favouring these patterns. Frequencies of consumption in the questionnaire were expressed as follows: every day=7/week, through to once per week=1/week; once every 23weeks (F)=0.5/week; rarely/never (R)=0. Yoshimura, Ryuichi Objectives This scoping review identifies factors associated with obesity traits including body mass index, weight, and body fat percentage in undergraduate students. International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK), Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years, Body composition from fluid spaces and density: analysis of methods, Techniques for Measuring Body Composition, Definitions and proposed current classifications of obesity, Estilos de vida y salud en estudiantes universitarios: La Universidad como entorno promotor de la salud (Lifestyles and health in university students: the university as a promoter of health), Obesity assessment: tools, methods, interpretations (a reference case: the Reno Diet-Heart Study), Chapman & Hall series in Clinical Nutrition, Adaptation, validation and reproducibility of a short food frequency questionnaire to assess food group intake in the population resident in the Basque Country (Spain), Understanding meal patterns: definitions, methodology and impact on nutrient intake and diet quality, Adherence to nutrition-based cancer prevention guidelines and breast, prostate and colorectal cancer risk in the MCC-Spain Case-Control Study, A healthy lifestyle score is associated with cardiometabolic and neuroendocrine risk factors among Puerto Rican adults, Skipping breakfast is associated with overweight and obesity: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Breakfast consumption in French children, adolescents and adults: a nationally representative cross-sectional survey examined in the context of the International Breakfast Research Initiative, Eating alone is differentially associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome in Korean men and women, Effect of a high-fat Mediterranean diet on bodyweight and waist circumference: a prespecified secondary outcome analysis of the PREDIMED randomised controlled trial, Collaborative Group of the Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC), Dietary guidelines for the Spanish population (SENC, December of 2016); the new graphic icon of health nutrition, Update of the healthy eating index: HEI-2010, Dietary patterns: a Mediterranean diet score and its relation to clinical and biological markers of cardiovascular disease risk, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), Time trends between 2002 and 2017 in correlates of self- reported sitting time in European adults, Sedentary behaviors increase risk of cardiovascular disease mortality in men, Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC), Spanish Society of Family and Community (semFYC), Consejos para una Alimentacin Saludable (Tips for Healthy Eating), National Sleep Foundations sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary, Nutricin y Diettica (Nutrition and Dietetics), Secretariado de Publicaciones y Medios Audiovisuales, Universidad de Len, Estudio cuantitativo del consumo de alimentos en la CAPV.

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